Browse By Visit Learn Search Search Search Submit Browse By EDUCATORS EXPLORERS Visit Trails Museums Learn Stories Singapore’s Hawker Culture: Our Material Heritage Heritage Conservation Centre: Caring for the National Collection Guo Pei: Chinese Art & Couture From the Coromandel Coast to the Straits – Revisiting Our Tamil Heritage Collections National Museum of Singapore Asian Civilisations Museum Peranakan Museum Indian Heritage Centre National Gallery Singapore Singapore Art Museum Places National Monuments Historic Sites Museums Buildings and Sites Trails Resources Inventory of Intangible Cultural Heritage Online Exhibitions Videos Publications SINGAPORE BICENTENNIAL Self Determination - The path towards independence Singapore officially became an independent state on 9 August 1965. Our journey towards independence began to pick up steam due to events that affected Singapore both globally and regionally. Start exploring World War II was A Time to remember, especially for those who survived the Japanese occupation of Singapore. The tenacity and resilience of the survivors enabled them to live through one of the darkest periods of our nation’s history. It is also this determination which sees us on a new trajectory from 45-65: Liberation, Unrest... A New Nation, a city in a garden and home, from Singapore to Singaporeans. World War II Learn how Singapore, despite being dubbed by newspapers as a “Gibraltar of the East”, fell to the Japanese during World War II. Read story World War II A Time to remember Be inspired by the stories of four survivors who lived through the war to get a glimpse of life during the Japanese Occupation. Read Story A Time to remember 45-65: Liberation, Unrest… A New Nation Explore Singapore’s tumultuous 20-year journey towards independence following the end of World War II. Read Story 45-65: Liberation, Unrest… A New Nation We Built a Nation Following our separation from Malaysia, our first generation of leaders managed to build up our Nation despite facing long odds. Read Story We Built a Nation Dive Deeper You have reached the end of the story. Want to learn more? Choose another. 1 The Arrival 2 Community 3 Self determination Explore More National Monuments Trails National Collection Publications Museums BALIKSG - Reflections of Singapore Explore old Singapore in Augmented Reality with the BALIKSG app!