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  1. National Monuments are structures and buildings that possess national, historical, social and architectural merit, and are protected by the Preservation of Monuments Act.
    The Museum Roundtable (MR) comprises a collective of over 50 public and private museums, heritage galleries and unique attractions in Singapore.
    Marked Historic Sites are historically significant places associated with important events, communities or personalities.
    This section covers buildings, structures, sites and landscape features in Singapore of architectural, historical or cultural interest.

Places

Places



42 results found.

  • Johore Battery

    Johore Battery

    Johore Battery was built in the late 1930s as part of Singapore’s coastal defence system. It comprised three 15-inch guns, known as “monster guns”. Although the battery was meant to stop enemy attacks from the sea, two of its guns could be rotated to fire landward. From 5 to 12 February 1942, they fired at Japanese targets in Johor Bahru and at the Causeway, and joined in the battles for Bukit Timah and Pasir Panjang. The British destroyed the guns before the Fall of Singapore to prevent them from falling into the hands of the invading Japanese.

    Category
    War, National History
  • Pulau Sejahat

    Pulau Sejahat

    Pulau Sejahat, located off the north-eastern coast of Singapore, was designated as a British defence outpost. Its role was to protect the Johor Straits and the naval base at Sembawang. The military encampment on the island — including gun emplacements, water tanks and observation towers —was constructed during the late 1930s as part of British preparation for a war in Singapore. The island was returned to the Singapore Government in 1972, after the British military’s withdrawal from Singapore.

    Category
    National History, Defence, War
  • Sime Road Machine-Gun Pillbox

    Sime Road Machine-Gun Pillbox

    This pillbox was one of a network of pillboxes that provided overlapping and interlocking fields of fire to defend Flagstaff House(at 64 Sime Road, now a private residence), which was used as the Combined Operations Headquarters of the British Army and A

    Category
    War, National History
  • Alexandra Hospital

    Alexandra Hospital

    Alexandra Hospital, opened in 1940, stands on the site of an earlier Alexandra Indian barracks which was established around 1908. The new military hospital was built to serve the increased number of British troops stationed in Singapore, as part of British preparation for a war in Singapore. The hospital was attacked by Japanese troops when the battle lines reached the area on 14 February 1942 and around 300 patients and medical staff were killed over two days. The British military reoccupied the hospital after the Second World War, and in 1971, the hospital was transferred to the Singapore government. It was renamed Alexandra Road General Hospital and became Singapore’s third general hospital at that point in time.

    Category
    War, National History, Healthcare
  • Pasir Panjang Machine-Gun Pillbox

    Pasir Panjang Machine-Gun Pillbox

    Pillboxes were built in the 1930s to strengthen Singapore’s coastal defence as part of British preparation for a war in Singapore. The pillboxes were equipped with machine guns and positioned at strategic intervals to allow their fields of fires to overlap and reinforce each other. Pasir Panjang Machine-Gun Pillbox lay within the area guarded by the 1st Battalion of the Malay Regiment which later battled invading Japanese troops at Pasir Pajang Ridge. It served to protect the Southern area which had key installations including ammunition depots and Alexandra Military Hospital.

    Category
    War, National History
  • Jurong-Kranji Defence Line

    Jurong-Kranji Defence Line

    This was an arbitrary defence line from Kranji River to Jurong River, placed to check Japanese advance towards the city from the west.

    Category
    War, National History
  • Japanese Propaganda Department

    Japanese Propaganda Department

    Formerly housing the British Malaya Broadcasting Corporations before WWII, it was turned into a Japanese propaganda office during the Japanese Occupation. It was later also used by Lord Louis Mountbatten as the headquarters for the Japanese Surrender in 1945.

    Category
    War, National History
  • Kempeitai East District Branch

    Kempeitai East District Branch

    The original building, the YMCA, was used by the East Branch of the Kempeitai (Japanese Military Police) during the Japanese Occupation. Local anti-Japanese suspects were imprisoned and tortured for information here. The building was pulled down in 1981.

    Category
    War, National History
  • Punggol Beach Massacre

    Punggol Beach Massacre

    On 28 February 1942, some 400 Chinese Civilians, victims of the Sook Ching purge, were killed by the Japanese on this northeastern shore.

    Category
    War, National History
  • Changi Beach Massacre

    Changi Beach Massacre

    66 Chinese male civilians were killed by Japanese hojo kempei (auxiliary military police) firing squads at the water's edge on this stretch of Changi Beach on 20 February, 1942.

    Category
    War, National History
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