1. National Monuments are structures and buildings that possess national, historical, social and architectural merit, and are protected by the Preservation of Monuments Act.
    The Museum Roundtable (MR) comprises a collective of over 50 public and private museums, heritage galleries and unique attractions in Singapore.
    Marked Historic Sites are historically significant places associated with important events, communities or personalities.
    This section covers buildings, structures, sites and landscape features in Singapore of architectural, historical or cultural interest.



41 results found.

  • Ministry of Foreign Affairs & Tanglin Village


    The former Tanglin Barracks and Tanglin Officers’ Mess are situated on the site of a former nutmeg estate which was known as Mount Harriet in 1850s. The plantation was co-owned by British Colonial Treasurer William W. Willans and Hoo Ah Kay (also known as Whampoa). The site was selected by Captain George Collyer of the Madras Engineers to house the British reinforcement troops that were deployed to Singapore to strengthen its defence. The site was eventually purchased for $25,000 Spanish dollars in 1860 for British military use.

  • Changi Prison Gate Wall and Turrets

    Changi Prison Entrance Gate and Wall

    Changi Prison was designed to be a maximum security prison to house up to 600 criminals sentenced to long-term imprisonment in British Singapore. The remaining structures of the original prison – the entrance gate, wall and turrets – stand as an enduring symbol of the suffering of those who defended Singapore and the tumultuous years of the Japanese Occupation (1942-1945).

    National History, War
  • Civilian War Memorial

    Civilian War Memorial

    This is the first memorial in Singapore dedicated to the civilian victims of the Japanese Occupation (1942–1945). It calls to mind the shared sufferings of the various ethnic communities in Singapore, and the ardent hope that locals had after the war to rebuild their homes.

    War, Architecture, National History
  • Fort Canning Command Centre

    Fort Canning Command Centre

    Fort Canning Command Centre was the site where Lieutenant-General Arthur Percival and his commanders decided to surrender Singapore to the Japanese on 15 February 1942.

    War, National History
  • Seletar Airfield

    Seletar Airfield

    Seletar Airfield was the British Royal Air Force’s main base in the Far East, equipped to protect the Sembawang naval base. Indian Prisoners-of-War were interned here

    War, National History
  • Force 136 Historic Marker

    Force 136

    Force 136 was a British secret service team that operated in Malaya during the Second World War. One of the agents was Lim Bo Seng, who led Gustavus V Operation in 1943. His grave is in the vicinity.

    War, National History
  • Execution of Captured Rimau Commandos Historic Marker

    Execution of Captured Rimau Commandos

    Operation Rimau (“tiger” in Malay) was the second Allied commando attack on Japanese ships in Keppel Harbour. It failed, and ten commandos were beheaded by the Japanese near Dover and Clementi Roads.

    War, National History
  • Withdrawal to Singapore

    Withdrawal to Singapore

    During the Second World War, the last Allied military troop in Malaya withdrew to Singapore through the Causeway on 31 January 1942, after losing Malaya to the Japanese.

    War, National History
  • Keppel Harbour

    Keppel Harbour

    During the invasion of Malaya, Keppel Harbour was amongst the first targets of Japanese bombing on 8 December 1941. The harbour reflected both hope and desperation for the island at war. Large numbers of soldiers arrived to bolster the defence of Malaya and Singapore.

    War, National History
  • Esplanade Park Memorials

    Esplanade Park Memorials

    At Esplanade Park are Tan Kim Seng Fountain, the Cenotaph, and Lim Bo Seng Memorial. These three memorials were gazetted collectively as a National Monument.

    Architecture, Culture & Community, War, National History
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