Haw Par Villa exhibit depicting a scene from the ninth Hell Court

According to Chinese mythology, Hell Courts are where punishments are meted out against individuals who have committed sins in their lives. Here in the ninth Hell Court, the culpable soul was a bandit who had killed others to rob. According to Chinese mythology, there are altogether ten courts of hell that would pass judgment on one's past deeds before a form of reincarnation is determined. In his bid to educate the public about Chinese culture, Aw Boon Haw built a theme park housing statues and sculptures that portrayed the themes of Chinese legend, such as scenes from the Hell Courts. Originally called Tiger Balm Gardens, Haw Par Villa was built along Pasir Panjang Road in 1937.

Image size: L 8.6 x W 6.2
Accession No.
Collection of
National Museum of Singapore
Photographs and Negatives